Bluebird 100 Watt 12 Volt Polycrystalline Solar Panel
Model number: BBS12C100 Weight: 7 Kgs Net Quantity: 1 Unit Product Dimensions: 105 cm x 71 cm x 6 cm Included Components: SSolar Panel Module, Junction Box with MC4 Connectors and Cable Warranty: 10 Years Manufacturing Warranty 25 Years Performance Warranty
Maximum Power Pmax (Wp): 100 Maximum Voltage Vmpp (V): 18.50 Maximum Current Impp (A): 5.41 Open circuit voltage Voc (V): 22.00 Short Circuit Current (Isc (A): 5.56 Module Efficiency (%): 15.25
I bought 2 Panels and are working well with my existing inverter battery system
delivered, using from last 10 days. very good experience. very useful product. connected with 30 amp controller, 70Ah battery, and computer ups, gives 4 to 5 hr back up for 2 led tubelight and led TV
Good quality and performance. Bought 4pieces of this.
I like this one. But in this panel diamond cut is not available. Why?
Frequently Asked Questions
Yes, solar panels work on cloudy days but generate less power due to low light availability. You can connect batteries with your solar power system to get power during cloudy days. It will offer you power at night.
You can use it to power your fans and LED lights, charge mobile phone and laptops, solar fencing purpose, home and business rooftops, camping.
With Bluebird 100W Polycrystalline solar panel you can easily run 1 ceiling fan and 2 LED bulbs of 10W Each.
Assuming your battery is 80% discharged and you are not using grid power, So, to fully charge it to 100% with solar power you would need 100W x 4 solar panels. If you have grid support, 3 panels could also be sufficient.
Yes, Bluebird 100W Polycrystalline solar panel can be converted to AC solar panel / module by connecting a microinverter to this solar panel. This way your solar panel will generate AC power instead of DC power.
10A is sufficient in case you want to use one panel only. For future, in case you plan to buy one more panel, you can buy a 20A Charge controller also. Price difference is very nominal.
It is suggested that you use a 12V inverter with a 12V battery with this solar panel. It is compatible with all inverter and battery brands.
Solar panels are manufactured with strict QC to ensure they perform well for a minimum of 25 years. So, if you find your panels are not generating power, it’s more likely that the defect is in some other appliance like an inverter, charge controller, wiring, or batteries. Zero power output might be due to a faulty inverter or charge controller. It’s also possible that one solar panel in your solar photovoltaic array might have failed. One defective PV module can shut down the whole system when connected in series.
No current/ampere doesn’t mean the solar panel is faulty. You will not get any current if your batteries are fully charged, and there’s no place for it to go. The current flow stops through the solar panel at Voc = Voltage Open Circuit. No current can flow in an Open Circuit. You are at an open circuit if your batteries are charged. Wait until the sun shines bright at noontime. Turn everything on, and this might solve your problem.
Understanding the 100-watt solar panel kit and its uses
If you need an easy and affordable way to produce solar energy, the 100-watt solar panel might be exactly what you’re looking for.
100-watt panels are very versatile thanks to their small size and light weight. You can easily hook one up to your RV or boat, take it camping with you, or install it on an off-grid cabin… the possible uses are endless.
So, what do you need to know about 100-watt (W) panels before you buy one? And which is the best one to buy in 2023? Read on to find out.
Note: This is an unbiased review: we have no financial ties with any of the companies mentioned, nor do we earn money from affiliate advertising. The content of this blog is based on research and information available at the time of writing.
See how much a solar panel system would cost for your home
Why you can trust SolarReviews:
SolarReviews is the leading American website for consumer reviews and ratings of residential solar panels and solar panel installation companies. Our industry experts have over two decades of solar experience combined and maintain editorial independence for their reviews. No company can pay to alter the reviews or review scores shown on our site. Learn more about SolarReviews and how we make money.
100-watt solar panels at a glance:
- A 100-watt solar panel typically produces between 300 and 600 watt-hours (Wh) of solar energy per day.
- A 100 W panel provides enough power to run or charge a few small electronic devices, like Wi-Fi routers and cell phone chargers.
- Expect to pay 100 to 200 for a standalone 100 W panel, and 150 to 300 for a 100 W solar panel kit (without a battery).
- The best solar 100-watt panels to buy: Eco-Worthy 100 W Complete Off Grid Solar Kit (best for beginners); SunPower E-Flex (best for RVs, boats, etc); Renogy 100 W Foldable Solar Suitcase (best portable); Goal Zero Boulder 100 (most durable).
About 100 W solar panels and solar kits
A 100-watt (W) solar panel is a photovoltaic (PV) module that has a power rating, or wattage, of 100 W. This means that the panel can produce 100 W of DC power under ideal conditions.
In terms of real-world output, you may be able to hit 100 W when it’s very sunny out, but the rest of the time output will likely be lower than that.
A 100 W solar panel kit comes with all the components you need for a small solar power system. Exact contents can vary from kit to kit, but they typically include a solar panel, charge controller for battery charging, power inverter, wiring, and mounting brackets. Sometimes, compatible 12-volt battery packs are available as an add-on.
Solar panels come in a range of sizes and weights, but 100-watt panels are generally small and easy to handle. A typical 100 W solar panel, like this model from HQST, measures about 6.5 square feet (ft²) and weighs about 14 pounds.
If you want something lighter, consider a 100 W flexible solar panel; these only weigh 4 to 5 pounds each.
How much do 100-watt solar panels cost?
A standalone 100 W solar panel costs 100 to 200, depending on the brand.
A basic 100 W solar starter kit usually costs around 150, while a premium kit will have a price tag closer to 300. It’s rare for a battery to be included at this price point.
For a 100 W solar panel kit with a compatible portable battery, the price range is pretty wide: anywhere from 400 to 1,700.
Use these costs only as a guide; can vary depending on brand and features.
Best 100 W solar panels in 2023
Solar manufacturers have been releasing many new 100 W solar panels in response to rising consumer demand for portable and easy-to-use solar solutions.
There are lots of great 100 W panels out there, but the ones listed below rise above the crowd thanks to their standout features. So without further ado, here are our picks for the best 100 W solar panels currently available:
Eco-Worthy 100 W Complete Off-Grid Solar Kit
Best: 100 W starter kit for beginners
Price: From 379.00. Buy now on Eco-Worthy
This kit has all the parts you need to build a fully-functional solar power station. Image source: Eco-Worthy
This 100 W starter kit from Eco-Worthy is a rare find: it’s affordable and includes a panel, charge controller, power inverter, and even battery storage. This is a great option for a beginner looking to set up a small off-grid system.
What we like:
- This is a complete 100 W solar panel kit. You can use it to build a fully-functional off-grid setup without the need for any additional components.
- There are two battery options: A lightweight lithium battery with 240 watt-hours (Wh) of storage, or a bulkier AGM lead-acid with a 1,200 Wh capacity.
- Great value for money.
What we don’t:
- This isn’t the best-looking equipment aesthetically speaking, but this is a matter of personal preference.
SunPower E-Flex 100W
Best: 100 W panel for RVs, boats, and other vehicles
Price: 152 Buy now on Express Power or eBay
SunPower’s flexible 100 W solar panel offers excellent performance. Image source: Expert Power
SunPower’s E-Flex series panels are made with special lightweight solar cells and covered with a thin polymer. They’re a great choice if you want to add some solar capacity to an RV, camper van, or boat.
What we like:
- It’s a SunPower panel! Founded in Silicon Valley, solar manufacturer SunPower (now rebranded as Maxeon Solar) is renowned for the exceptional quality, performance, and efficiency of its products.
- While flexible solar panels generally offer subpar performance, this isn’t the case with the SunPower E-Flex. You’ll see the panels are designed for excellent power output and are equipped to perform well in extreme temperatures.
- It comes with pre-drilled holes for easy installation.
What we don’t:
- Flexible solar panels aren’t as durable as the standard glass-covered rigid solar panels you’re used to seeing.
- The product warranty on the SunPower E-Flex is short – only five years. That said, you can expect it to continue to perform well for many years after its warranty term.
- It doesn’t come with a solar charge controller or battery bank – you’ll have to buy these separately.
Renogy 100 Watt Foldable Solar Suitcase
Best: Portable 100 W panel
Price: 186.99 Buy now on Renogy
The Renogy 100W panel is easy to pack and store. Image source: Renogy
This 100 W Renogy solar panel delivers excellent performance in a highly portable package. Setup is a breeze, and when you’re done using it you can fold it, stick it in its case, and carry it like a briefcase. How cool is that?
What we like:
- Renogy is arguably the best-known brand in the portable solar panel segment. It has built a strong reputation for producing high-quality products and providing excellent after-sales service.
- The protective case allows you to pack and store it without worrying about damage to the solar cells.
- Adjustable stands allow you to position your panel towards the sun at the optimal angle, boosting your power output.
What we don’t:
Goal Zero Boulder 100
Best: 100 W panel for the rugged outdoors
Price: 249.95 Buy now on Goal Zero or Amazon
The rugged Boulder 100 has an attractive all-black appearance. Image source: Goal Zero
The Boulder 100 is a rigid, 18-22 volt monocrystalline solar panel. It’s designed to be a hardy companion to Goal Zero’s solar generators, which get a lot of love from the outdoorsy crowd because of their reliability and durability.
What we like:
- It’s durable. This 100-watt monocrystalline solar panel is protected by a strong aluminum frame and comes with a sturdy kickstand. It looks like it can withstand some pretty rough conditions.
- Easy to use. Put the Boulder 100 out in the sun and you’ve got a mini power station that can charge your Goal Zero’s Yeti and Sherpa solar generators – no additional setup or equipment required.
What we don’t:
- Some users report that power output drops significantly under light Cloud cover.
- While portable, it’s still a bit cumbersome to move around.
- The Boulder 100 is more expensive than other rigid panels offering similar output.
Top brands of 100 W solar panels
Renogy is the most established brand in the 100 W solar panel segment – you’ll see them mentioned in many ‘best-of’ lists.
But there are actually many solar manufacturing companies that specialize in small portable solar panels and kits. Here are some other reputable suppliers of 100 W panels worth considering:
- Goal Zero
- Grape Solar
You can expect these brands to provide you with a high-quality solar panel that will function well for many years.
What can a 100 W kit run?
A 100 W panel connected to a deep cycle battery is ideal for running small devices like Wi-Fi routers and smartphone chargers.
Here’s how long you can expect to run different devices with a 100 W solar panel kit.
|Typical power usage
|Four smartphone chargers
|Three Wi-Fi routers
|Two LED lights
Assuming 500 watt-hours of usable energy
A single 100-watt panel will struggle to power larger devices, or many devices running at the same. Your battery will either fail to handle the load or run out of juice very quickly.
If you need more power, consider expanding your system’s capacity with additional 100 W panels, or upgrading to something more powerful like a solar generator.
What is the energy output of a 100 W panel?
In terms of instantaneous output, a 100 W panel may be able to hit its maximum power output of 100 Watts of DC power when it’s very sunny out, but the rest of the time output will likely be lower than that.
It’s more useful to measure solar panel output over time using watt-hours (Wh). Over a day, a 100 W panel typically generates between 300 Wh and 600 Wh.
Location and weather determine output
The average output of a 100-watt solar panel differs from place to place due to varying latitude and climate conditions.
Panels are able to generate the most energy in locations that receive lots of sunlight. In Arizona, for instance, you’ll consistently see excellent power output – an average of 750 Wh per day.
At the other end of the spectrum, there’s Alaska. There, the long months of winter darkness mean average output drops to just 280 Wh a day.
As you’d expect, the average output you’ll see in all other states will fall somewhere between these two extremes. Here’s a map that indicates the average daily power output of a 100 W solar panel in each state.
Wh = Watt-hours. This map is an approximation of the energy output from a 100 W solar panel; there are variations by region within states.
You’ll also want to account for the impact of weather.
A 100-watt panel can potentially generate 800 Wh or more on long sunny days with cool temperatures. But, production could drop as low as 50 to 100 Wh on very cloudy days.
Do I need a battery with my 100 W panel?
Pairing your 100 W solar panel with a battery is generally a good idea. Although it will add to your costs, a battery will help you make full use of your solar panel’s potential.
Here’s why. Solar panels tend to produce the bulk of their power around midday, and you might not be able to use all that power right then. Unlike a home solar panel system, a 100 W panel can’t export to the grid, which means unused power will simply go to waste. The solution is to add a battery pack that can store excess power, making it available for you to use later when you need it.
Although bulky, lead-acid batteries are an affordable way to add storage to a 100 W panel. You should pair a single 100 W panel with a 12-volt lead-acid battery with a capacity of around 1,200 Wh. Make sure to factor in depth of discharge – you shouldn’t use more than 50% of the energy stored within most lead-acid batteries.
Lithium batteries are lighter and more efficient than their lead-acid cousins. Another point of difference is that they can be discharged almost completely. Aim for storage that is able to hold slightly more than your solar panel’s typical daily output. An example of an appropriate lithium-ion battery is the Goal Zero Yeti 4; it has 396 watt-hours of storage capacity, so you should be able to fully charge it over a reasonably sunny day.
Can you power a home with 100 W solar panels?
You could if you wanted to, but it wouldn’t make financial sense.
Homes use a lot of energy, and they generally require a solar system sized between 5 kilowatts (kW) and 10 kW (that’s 5,000 to 10,000 W). You would need between 50 and 100 100-watt solar panels to make a solar system that size. It’s far more efficient and cost-effective to build a home solar panel system with residential solar panels that are 350 to 400 W each.
Calculate how many solar panels you need to power your specific home
Can you connect multiple 100 W panels together?
Yes, you have the option of ‘chaining’ solar panels together to increase the total output.
For instance, connecting two 100 W panels together in series or parallel will give you up to 200 W of usable power.
It’s extremely common for solar panels to be connected. Many RVs have three or four 100 W panels connected together in their setups. Home solar panel systems use the same method to connect 10 to 20 residential panels together.
However, before adding additional panels to your setup you’ll first want to make sure that your inverter and battery (if you’re using one) can handle the extra power input.
Our verdict on 100 W solar panels
If you haven’t used renewable energy, a 100 Watt (W) solar panel is a great way to dip your toes in the proverbial water.
While they come in many shapes and sizes, every 100 W panel will provide you with small but useful amounts of solar power. They’re most effective when paired with a battery, as this lets you store energy for later use. They’re a great way to charge up phones and tablets when you’re away from a power outlet, like during a camping trip.
Just remember that a 100 W solar panel is only meant to power two or three small devices; it’s not the right choice if you’re looking to power your entire home. For that, you’ll need a system that has at least 5,000 W (5 kW) of capacity that is built with residential panels that are 350 W to 400 W each. Such a system can offset up to 100% of your electric usage while also charging up a solar battery like the Tesla Powerwall.
To find out the exact system size that’s right for your home, use our calculator below.
Solar cell 100 watt
GRECELL 100W 20V Portable Foldable Solar Panel for Power Station Generator
GRECELL 100W Portable Solar Panel is a small size, foldable design, reliable solar charger with an easy-carry TPE rubber handle and two adjustable kickstands, which made it suited for applications that require a smaller footprint. Once unfolded, two incorporated kickstands allow for easy positioning on any flat surface to give you instant charge from sunlight. Reinforced grommets provide additional mounting and tie-down capabilities, they can hang on your RV or tent. When folded, it looks like a briefcase easy to transport, and won’t take up much room.
Smart CHARGING TECHNOLOGYHow to Build the Series or Parallel Connection?
100W solar panel supports series and parallel connections and you can expand your solar panel system to meet every need. Get up to double the power output by pairing your solar panel with another one to shorten charging times for portable power stations. Pairing panels is easy with the included MC4 Y connecting cable.
The solar panel is equipped with PV-rated, output MC-4 cables. The Positive connector is a male connector and the negative connector is a female connector, these wires by themselves are rated for series connections.
When the solar panels are connected in series ( connected to., connected to-), the voltage is added;
when the solar panels are connected in parallel ( connected to ,-connected to.), the current is added.
With up to 23.7% high efficiency monocrystalline solar cells, you will get greater power efficiency than polycrystalline solar panels. The solar battery charger is made from durable waterproof Oxford cloth and protected by a highly durable layer of lamination enhancing the cell performance and extending the lifespan of the 20v camping solar panel. Dust resistant, high temperature resistant, ideal for outdoor activities such as camping, hiking, picnics, caravan, RV, car, boat, and unexpected power outages.
Port Outputs Meet Most of Your Demands
MC-4 to Anderson Cable for Jackery Explorer 1000, ROCKPALS 300W, Ecoflow, and other solar generators.
MC-4 to DC 5.52.1mm Cable for Rockpals 250W/350W/500W, FlashFish 200W/300W, PAXCESS ROCKMAN 200/300W/500W, PRYMAX 300W/SinKeu HP100 portable generator.
DC 5.52.5mm Adapter for Suaoki 400wh portable generator, GRECELL 300W power station
DC 7.90.9/8mm Adapter for Jackery Explorer 160/240/300/500/1000, Goal Zero Yeti 160/240/300, BALDR 200/330W, Anker 521 Power Station,BLUETTI EB 240.
DC 3.51.5mm Adapter for Suaoki S270, ENKEEO S155, Paxcess 100W, Aiper 150W, JOYZIS, MARBERO portable generator.
You can also buy an MC-4 to charge controller cable, a charge controller, a charge controller to Alligator clip cable separately, connecting them with our Solar Panel to provide endless power for 12-volt batteries (AGM, LiFePo4, lead-acid, gel, lithium, deep cycle batteries) of cars, boats, ships, trailers, and RVs.
Unique Magnetic Design
Different from other solar panels’ buckle or velcro folding, our solar panel is designed with magnetic closure which is more convenient to use. The low-voltage system avoids electric shock hazards to ensure the safety of usage.
Ideal for Outdoor Activities
Designed with 4 hanging holes, convenient to tie on a car roof, RV, or a tree, and charges devices freely when you are driving, fishing, climbing, hiking, and anywhere you go, providing endless power for your power station under the sun, without having to rely on a wall outlet or a power bank, and bringing you an unplugged lifestyle.
Take Wherever You Go
Small solar panel equipped with 2 adjustable kickstands enabling you to get the max sunlight. 2 folds design, 10.3 pounds of weight, and TPE rubber handle allows you to take easily when you do outdoor activities, camping, hiking, off-grid living, etc. The zippers on the can hold accessories and protect the power port from any rain or dust. Empower your outdoor adventures with more flexibility and possibility.
|Monocrystalline Silicon Cell
|Short Circuit Current
|Open Circuit Voltage
|-50°F to 95°F(10℃ to 35℃)
|-4°F to 140°F(-20℃ to 60℃)
|(64053665)±5mm / 126.96.36.199 inches
|(12845365)±5mm / 50.5521.10.2 inches
What’s in the box
- 1 x 100W 20V Foldable Solar Panel
- 1 x MC-4 to Anderson Cable
- 1 x MC-4 to DC 5.52.1mm Cable
- 1 x DC5.52.1mm to 5.52.5mm Adapter
- 1 x DC5.52.1mm to 7.90.9mm Adapter
- 1 x DC5.52.1mm to 3.51.5mm Adapter
- 1 x User Manual
Frequently asked questions
The specifications provided were determined in a laboratory setting that has constant and controlled conditions. When a solar panel is actually being used, it is normal that the actual power does not reach the rated power. Solar panel efficiency is affected by many factors. Below are the factors that may affect the actual power output: Sunlight Intensity, Panel Surface Temperature, Sunlight Exposure Angle(90-degree), the Input limit of the device being charged, and Other Interferents like tree/Cloud shadows, foreign objects, dust, or other sticky substances, etc. Please try to test your solar panel under full sunlight, cloudy weather may affect its normal working power, and make sure there is nothing shadow cast on the panel.
Faulty state: The product may be faulty if there is no power or the power is much less than the rated data if the above conditions are all satisfied.
Do not place it under the rain, or soak it in water for a long time(Note: The junction port is not waterproof, please keep it dry). Use a soft cloth to remove the dust and dirt on the surface. Then use a damp cloth to wipe the surface of the solar panel to remove any remaining dust or dirt. Any debris should be removed as soon as possible to avoid a reduction in performance.
Please check the model, size, voltage, and power of your original adapter to ensure compatibility before purchasing the product.
Please check whether the output voltage of the solar panel (12V-20V) is in the range of the input voltage of your power station.
Please do not press the solar panel with heavy objects, or it will damage the chips inside.
How Many Amps Does a 100 Watt Solar Panel Produce
Crystalline silicon solar cells are used to create the majority of solar panels. These cells are constructed from many layers of silicon, phosphorus, and boron (although there are several different types of photovoltaic cells). Once created, these cells are arranged in a grid arrangement. Due to the wide range of available panel sizes, the number of these cells employed is mostly dependent on the panel’s size. To understand the title that how many amps does a 100 watt solar panel produce? Firstly, you’ll need to understand the very basic terms involved in itself for example solar panels and watts, etc. To begin a solar cell is the fundamental element of every solar panel. In particular, a single solar panel is made up of many solar cells. The component of the gadget that transforms sunlight into electricity is represented by these cells. I hope by the end of the article, you’ll be well aware of everything about solar panels and how many batteries can a 100 watt solar panel charge.
The panel itself is sealed to safeguard the cells once they are set out, and a non-reflective glass is placed on top. This non-reflective glass shields the solar cells from harm while still allowing sunlight to get through to the cells. After being sealed, this panel is installed into a strong metal frame. As an accumulation of water could decrease the effectiveness of the panel, this frame is made to avoid deformation and contains a drainage hole to do so. The panel’s back is similarly sealed to guard against damage.
What are Watts in Solar Panels?
Solar buyers frequently obtain multiple quotations for a solar energy system before installing panels. Unfortunately, a newbie may find it challenging to compare bids on an apples-to-apples basis. Solar panels are one of the obvious likely distinctions. The manufacturer and wattage of solar panels are frequently different depending on the solar proposal.
In general, solar power generation increases with increasing wattage. But the subject is a little trickier than that. So that you can inform your consumers about this crucial subject, let’s investigate how solar panel efficiency, wattage, and the number of solar panels in an array affect total solar electricity generation. After this, let’s finally see how many amps does a 100 watt solar panel produce.
How Many Amps Does a 100 Watt Solar Panel Produce?
In ideal conditions, a solar panel rated at 100 watts can generate 100 watts of direct current (DC) power. A typical 100-watt solar panel has a maximum voltage output of about 18 volts.
The amps can be found by dividing 100 watts by 18 volts, which yields a value of about 5.5 amps. This output is only obtained under ideal circumstances, so keep that in mind. If the sun is shining brightly, there are no clouds in the sky, and the solar panel is oriented in the right place, then we may say that conditions are optimal. The maximum watts and amps that a 100-watt solar panel can produce are often different from the actual output, as these conditions only rarely occur. This should have explained how many amps does a 100 watt solar panel produce.
How to Calculate Amps?
After learning how many amps does a 100 watt solar panel produce, you should also try to understand how to calculate amps. Divide the total wattage output by the panel’s maximum voltage (Vmp) to get the current output (amps).
What are the Basics of Solar Panel Ratings?
For solar buyers, solar panel ratings might be a crucial factor. They are inclined to do business elsewhere if they notice that the solar modules in a rival proposal have a higher rating. But a solar panel’s effectiveness and wattage are only two aspects of it. Solar installers frequently choose a certain product based on the warranties, results of durability tests, costs, look, and other variables.
It can be useful to explain to them why you prefer particular solar panels and why they are a desirable choice. A great place to start is by explaining the wattage and efficiency to them. This information is frequently provided in proposals from solar installation businesses and is also brought up during sales visits and site inspections.
Since the last decade or so, solar panels’ efficiency ratings have greatly grown, making it possible for many homeowners to use rooftop solar systems to generate all of their electrical needs. The amount of sunshine turned into solar electricity is a factor in solar panel efficiency. A solar module is more effective when the percentage is higher.
High-efficiency solar panels use less area while producing more solar energy. Efficiency is especially important when space is limited and a homeowner wants to get the most output from every square inch available.
The majority of solar panels are between 14% and 23% efficient, while several household solar panel producers, like LG, Panasonic, and SunPower, are renowned for making more effective panels. Additionally, depending on the particular model, the efficiency of solar panels from a given manufacturer can differ. Typically, monocrystalline black solar cells are more effective than blue solar cells (polycrystalline).
Additionally, as a result of degradation, a solar panel’s efficiency declines over time, however not all panels degrade at the same rate. By comparing the guaranteed output at the conclusion of the warranty period, the power performance guarantee provides some insight into what one can anticipate from a module over time.
There are two main factors to take into account from an efficiency perspective: the solar panel’s efficiency right away and its efficiency 5, 10, 20, or more years down the road. Long-term generation information may be available in the output at the end of the warranty period.
Sadly, more expensive solar panels are frequently less effective. When there is ample room for solar panels, high-efficiency solar panels may not be the most important consideration when choosing a photovoltaic module. Other times, warranties, aesthetics, durability, place of origin, cost, and other factors could be more important than efficiency.
Help customers decide if improved efficiency panels are a major priority over other features if they seem unduly concerned about this. Even when they have lots of roof space with direct sunshine for their array, solar buyers occasionally believe it to be crucial. Perhaps they would like a solar panel with a lesser efficiency but with solar batteries added for energy storage capacity or a longer inverter warranty.
A solar panel’s wattage represents how well it performs under ideal circumstances. Simply multiply the amps by the volts to determine the wattage of a solar panel. The majority of solar panels on the market for a home and commercial use have wattages in the 300s or low 400s due to a large growth in solar panel wattage over the past decade or two.
However, because the size of the solar panel varies by model and manufacturer, wattage and efficiency are not interchangeable terms. A small solar panel, for instance, could be quite effective but have a low power rating due to its diminutive size. Similar to this, a solar panel that is relatively large but has a low efficiency won’t necessarily have a high wattage.
Amps, Volts, and Watts: What Do They Mean?
Are you confused by the difference between amperes and volts? There is a relationship between voltage, amperage, and wattage.
Amps, short for amperes, are units of electrical current flow measurement. They track the rate at which electrons pass a fixed place in time. Some people use a garden hose to illustrate how amps function. Amps are like the amount of water that is gushing through the hose. The greater the quantity of water passing through the hose per unit of time, the more powerful the current. As the rate at which electrons pass a given place in time increases, the corresponding increase in amps is also observed.
Voltage, to continue with the garden hose metaphor, is analogous to the pressure of the water flowing through the hose. The water flows because of the force exerted on it, or pressure. The amount of force exerted on each electron is measured in volts, also known as potential. The flow of electricity is triggered by potential. Volts measure the pressure that causes electrons to flow, while amps measure the volume of electrons flowing.
Watts are a unit of measurement for power output that is calculated by multiplying the current (amps) by the voltage (volts). The power and output increase when wattage (the ratio of electrical potential to electrical current) rises. For instance, a microwave oven’s cooking speed is proportional to its power.
Why Calculating Amps is Necessary?
Understanding how many amps your solar panels can produce is crucial since amps are the unit of measurement for measuring the amount of power required to run a gadget. The amps, amp-hours, watts, or volts that an appliance consumes are typically listed on the appliance itself or can be easily calculated.
The 12AH rating on the battery indicates that the device draws 12 amps continuously for one hour. Therefore, at least 60 amps must be generated to keep this device operational for a full five hours. Knowing this is crucial because it informs your estimations of the size and quantity of solar panels you’ll require. Both the number and size of solar panels you buy need to be nearly perfect. To begin, you may find yourself unprepared and in the dark, if you get too few solar panels.
The second limitation is that batteries can only hold so much energy. If you install too many solar panels, you run the risk of producing more energy than can be safely stored. After this, let’s find out-how many batteries can a 100 watt solar panel charge?
How Many Batteries Can a 100 Watt Solar Panel Charge?
If you plan on using a 100-watt solar panel with lithium-ion batteries, you need to be familiar with how to set up the system. Unsafely installed lithium-ion batteries provide a fire hazard. If you utilize a 12V battery with 100 Ah capacity, you shouldn’t need any more than that. After calculating how much energy your solar system would need, you may decide to upgrade to a more powerful battery or perhaps two separate batteries.
Keep in mind that a single 100W 12V solar panel can power a single 100Ah 12V battery. A larger or additional battery pack will likely necessitate a larger solar array. This is because, although, a single 100-watt solar panel can quickly replenish a 100-ampere-hour (12V) battery, it may take several days to fully charge a battery bank with more batteries or large batteries. Due to this, it seems like you’ll need to add more solar panels to your home.
What Type of Batteries Do You Need?
After learning how many batteries can a 100 watt solar panel charge, you might also be curious about the types of batteries you need. Deep cycle batteries are commonly used in solar systems because of their durability and reliability across many charging and discharging cycles. Power from your solar panels can be stored and distributed using deep-cycle batteries. The more power your battery can store, the higher its capacity.
Unlike standard batteries, deep-cycle ones can be depleted to zero power without being damaged.
- Lead Acid Batteries: The most economical energy storage solution is lead-acid batteries, which are often utilized in RV solar installations. It is not safe to discharge a lead acid battery to less than 50% of its capacity. For optimal performance, your solar battery should be able to store twice as much energy as your panel produces in a day. Keep the battery at or above 50% if you want it to last as long as possible.
- Lithium-Ion Batteries: Compared to their lead-acid counterparts, lithium-ion batteries are extremely expensive and thus rarely used in recreational vehicles. These batteries outperform lead-acid variants in terms of longevity and energy storage capacity while taking up significantly less room. Because of its chemistry, lithium-ion batteries may be depleted nearly to zero. Make sure that the capacity of your battery is somewhat more than the daily output of your solar panel. After this, let’s see-can a 100 watt solar panel run a TV?
Can a 100 Watt Solar Panel Run a TV?
After learning how many amps does a 100 watt solar panel produce, you must also want to learn can a 100 watt solar panel run a TV. A 100-watt solar panel can certainly power a TV. We already know that the daily power consumption of a 32- to 40-inch LED television is between 160 and 227 watts-hour. But a solar panel with a 100-watt output can generate anything from 280 to 450 watts each day.
It’s encouraging to know that a 100-watt solar panel can power a 32- to 40-inch LED television. However, this little solar panel may be used with any LCD or OLED television between 32 and 40 inches in size.
The electricity used by today’s televisions is a fraction of what it was decades ago. A 100-watt solar panel can power a screen no more than 20 inches, as evidenced by the old CRT models. Larger wattage panels are required for CRT televisions with screen sizes greater than 20 inches. A solar panel with a 100-watt output can power a television. If your TV isn’t a CRT or Plasma, you can use it effectively with any other standard-sized TV. I’m referring to television between 32 and 40 inches in screen size.
Because a 100-watt solar panel can normally produce 280-watt-hours to 450 watt-hours, you can use it to power an LED, LCD, or OLED TV up to 40 inches in size. Before turning it on, double-check the power requirements.
Sadly, a 100-watt solar panel cannot power a standard-sized CRT television since the TV’s power needs exceed what the panel can provide. The largest CRT television it can support is 20 inches. Additionally, a single 100-watt solar panel will not be sufficient to power a Plasma TV. Even just 20 years ago, consumers could only buy CRT televisions. The good news is that you no longer lack alternatives. There is a wide range in electricity use and technology used across all those televisions.
LED TVs are currently the most common and cost-effective choice. A 100-watt solar panel can power an LED television up to 42 inches in size. However, if you want to power a big LED TV using solar energy, you’ll need more powerful panels. A 150-watt solar panel can power a 55-inch LED TV, while a 200-watt solar panel can power a 65-inch LED TV.
Different types of televisions have different minimum specifications. Using a 100-watt solar panel, you can power a television as large as 40 inches, including an LCD or OLED display. If you wish to go further, you’ll need more substantial panels. Although a 32-inch CRT or Plasma TV will necessitate a 200-watt solar panel.
Olivia is committed to green energy and works to help ensure our planet’s long-term habitability. She takes part in environmental conservation by recycling and avoiding single-use plastic.
Decoding NT Solar Rebates: Your Guide to Solar Power in Northern Territory
How Long Does a Solar Battery Last at Night?
Leave A Reply Cancel Reply
We are dedicated to providing informative and insightful articles on energy, with a FOCUS on renewable, green energy, solar, sustainable, and environment-related topics. Our team of experienced writers and researchers are passionate about exploring the latest advancements in clean energy and providing our readers with valuable information to help them make informed decisions about their energy consumption.
Corporate Park, D-21, Sector 21, Dwarka, Delhi 110077
What Will a 100 Watt Solar Panel Run vs 200 Watts? Full List (Solar Calculator)
When you consider the possibility of installing solar power or photovoltaic (PV) systems, you may want to start small and wonder what will a 100 watt solar panel run for you?
The answer can be quite interesting. One solar panel can make an impact in your energy consumption.
The following details explain what will a 100 watt solar panel run vs 200 watts.
But, it’s not as basic as it might seem. You have to consider the hours of daylight that the 100 watt panel will receive to understand how many kilowatt hours it can generate, as well as whether it is working directly or storing energy with batteries.
This guide breaks down a list of items that can be powered by the sun and a 100 watt solar panel with, or without storage capabilities.
What Can I Power With a 100 Watt Solar Panel?
Any electronic device that requires less than 100 watts of electricity to run can be powered by a 100 watt solar panel. This can power a selection of small electronics and devices.
This is similar to different types of solar panels that deliver variable degrees of performance. This typically includes but is not limited to:
- LED light bulbs/lamps
- Phone charger
- Tablet charger
- Smartwatch charger
- Laptop charger
- Ceiling fan
- Wi-Fi router
While your solar panel is in operation, you can run these devices simultaneously only if their collective wattage does not go over 100 watts per hour.
For instance, if you have 2 LED bulbs at 450 lumens or equivalent of 40 watts, 1 you may only be able to run two of those bulbs through your 100 watt solar panel per hour.
(Image: Diana McCoy, USACE HQ 19 )
On the other hand, if you hav6e a 45 watt laptop charger, you can pair it with one LED bulb.
What Will a 100 Watt Solar Panel Run?
Typically, a 100 watt solar panel can provide you with approximately 100 watts of electricity per hour at its full efficiency, 2 which makes it possible for you to power these devices through it actively.
Namely, the power is directly provided by a solar panel that is in full sunlight.
But, if your solar panel is connected to a battery, which is used to operate the device, the performance is slightly different.
By powering a 100Ah 12V battery with your 100 watt solar panel, you can run a 1,200 watt appliance for an hour.
But it is important to remember a 100 watt solar panel can only provide you with its full capacity if the PV system gets unobstructed sunlight. If your solar panel is operating in cloudy conditions, it may not produce enough energy to power your electronic devices, without having storage capabilities (batteries).
By learning the differences between 100 watt solar panel output on cloudy day, you can start using solar power for your household with more confidence. 3
What Will a 200 Watt Solar Panel Run?
A 200 watt solar panel can easily power electronic devices and appliances that require less than 200 watts to run.
In addition to the electronic devices and appliances that a 100 watt solar panel can run, these devices include but are not limited to the following:
When paired with a battery, your 200 watt solar panel can store energy for you to use in the evening or during cloudy days. Typically, a 200 watt solar panel at its full efficiency can charge a 300Ah battery. 4
This means that a 300Ah 12V battery can get you approximately 3600 watt of energy to use. You can then use several small devices or a single large device through this stored energy.
Can a 100 Watt Solar Panel Run a Refrigerator?
A 100 watt solar panel cannot run a refrigerator on its own. It’s because most refrigerators require more than 100 watts to run in the first place.
Even energy efficient models consume 1-2 kWh of energy a day. This means that a typical fridge requires around 1000-2000 watts to run for a single day.
Whereas, some might need more than 3500 watts a day. 5 As a result, a 100 watt solar panel is unable to fulfill this requirement.
Some methods such as increasing the number of 100 watt solar panels and storing the energy in a battery can help you run your fridge even after the sun has gone out. These purpose-built systems require you to calculate your household’s energy usage closely and install your solar panels according to your needs.
But when you put them together after thinking can a 100 watt solar panel run a refrigerator, they can fulfill your requirement without any issues.
What Will a 100 Watt Solar Panel Run for My Office?
A 100 watt solar panel can run many light bulbs as well as small devices for your office. This means that you can light up your office space while also powering up your laptop, Wi-Fi router, and desk printer. 18
However, you will not be able to turn on more demanding devices such as business printers.
If you want your workplace to become more sustainable, you will first need to analyze the most pressing needs of your office. From there, you can determine the wattage and energy consumption of the devices that you want to use on a normal workday.
This allows you to learn how many solar panels do I need for the office and lets you install your solar panel power system according to those figures.
What Will a 100 Watt Solar Panel Run: Will a 100 Watt Solar Panel Run a Camper?
A 100 watt solar panel alone cannot run a camper at full functionality. With its usage of multiple light bulbs and appliances, a camper or RV requires more than 100 watts of power to be functional.
Depending upon the weather conditions of your departure and destination points, the efficiency of your solar panels might be affected due to a lack of sunlight.
That is why, if you need your camper to be fully functional during your trip, you will need to install multiple solar panels for your requirements.
Additionally, you will need to consider the availability of sunlight across the areas you are traveling through. This ensures that you don’t repeatedly have to ask will a 100 watt solar panel run a camper from every solar energy expert you run into.
How Big Is a 100 Watt Solar Panel?
A 100 watt solar panel is typically 40 inches in height, 20 inches in width, and 3 inches in depth. However, the actual size of a 100 watt solar panel depends upon the manufacturer who makes the panel and the technology that they use during the process. 12
Being mindful of these influences on the solar panel’s size, you should inquire about the dimensions of your solar panel installation from local providers. This helps you understand the answer to the question of how big is a 100 watt solar panel that comes from your local manufacturers.
How Many Batteries Can a 100 Watt Solar Panel Charge?
Typically, a 100 watt solar panel at its maximum efficiency can charge a single 100Ah 12V battery in a day. This calls for at least 8 hours of sunlight with no obstructions in between the sun and your solar panel.
In some cases, 8 your 100Ah 12V battery might need more than 10 hours to be charged fully via a 100 watt solar panel.
By using a 100Ah 12V battery, you can run a 100 watt electronic device for approximately 12 hours. If you run a 300 watt appliance, your battery can power it for 4 hours.
Similarly, if you use a 1200 watts appliance, your battery will run it for an hour alone. Learning about battery energy storage can further help you assess your usage and let you determine how many batteries can a 100 watt solar panel charge. 9
On the other hand, 200 watt solar panels can power a 300Ah 12V battery in around the same time. This makes a 200 watt solar panel setup better for you if you have multiple small electronic devices or a couple of moderate to large electronic devices to run on your battery.
What Is a 100 Watt Solar Panel Output on Cloudy Day?
A 100 watt solar panel can only give you the full 100 watt output when the day is completely sunny with no obstructions between the panel and sunlight. On a cloudy day, the efficiency of solar panels can drop by more than 50 percent. 10
In some cases, solar panels may only produce 10 percent of their total output.
Keeping this in mind, you might need to install multiple 100 watt solar panels along with batteries to store energy, which you can then use to power your RV.
By learning what will a 100 watt solar panel run for your RV, you can assess your energy needs in a better way and build a solar power system that works for you. You can also use a solar panel size chart for this purpose.
Where To Find a Cheap 100 Watt Solar Panel
You can find cheap 100 watt solar panel systems through many local providers. With that being said, you need to be careful about exchanging quality for affordability.
If you find solar panels at a price that is too good to be true, it probably is.
Due to this reason, you should look for a balance between accessibility and reliability when you purchase your solar panels after learning what will a 100 watt solar panel run for you. To achieve this feat, you can start by doing a market survey through local providers.
After getting cost estimates, you can check the reviews and testimonials of each provider to ensure that you are dealing with a credible entity. This lets you install your solar power system with the required peace of mind.
How Many Amps Does a 100 Watt Solar Panel Produce?
The equation to calculate amps is: amps x volts = watts 5
If you want to calculate the amps of a 100 watt solar panel at 12 volts: amps x 12V = 100 watts.
This means that you would get around 8 amps from using a 100 watt solar panel at 12V.
However, similar to the answer to what will a 100 watt solar panel run for you, the actual figures depend on a variety of factors, such as the exposure to direct sunlight during the day as well as the solar cell type used in the solar panel. Some users deduce that their solar panels can deliver only a little over 2.80 amps per hour. 6 Whereas, others find that they can get around 6 amps per hour from a 100 watt solar panel. 7
In order to learn how many amps does a 100 watt solar panel produce, you need to get a personalized estimate from a local provider who specializes in installing solar power systems. These providers can give you more accurate statements according to the average sunlight in your area as well as the efficiency of their specific solar panels.
What Are the Most Popular Types of Solar Panels?
Solar panels are made of solar cells. When used within panels, these cells can absorb solar energy and help you use it to power up your lights and appliances.
There are three types of solar cells, 11 namely polycrystalline, monocrystalline, and thin-film. Out of these, monocrystalline solar cells make for the most popular types of solar panels due to their overall efficiency.
You can ask your local solar power system providers if they have these types of solar cells available with them.
What Is the Size of Standard Solar Panel?
The size of a solar panel depends upon the wattage that it has and the technology that it uses. Typically, a 250 watt solar panel can be the size of 17.5 square feet. 13
But these dimensions are not necessarily true for all types of solar panels of the same wattage. Many providers might give you larger or smaller size options.
This makes it important for you to discuss your requirements regarding the size of standard solar panel with a local solar power system installation expert. Besides allowing you to get a personalized installation design according to your property’s structure, this also gives you the latest solar panel sizing options that you have available in your area.
How Many Solar Panels Do I Need for My Home?
Typically, a home may require around 25 panels, with each solar panel producing around 320 watts. 16 But this estimate is not set in stone.
Depending upon your overall requirements, you may need a higher or a lower amount of solar panels. The number of solar panels that you need is also influenced by the area that you live in and how much sunlight you get on an average day.
This means that if you are trying to install solar panels at your home, you need to go through your home’s energy usage requirements.
You may do so by going through your utility bills that date back at least a year. 17 From there, you can show your solar panel provider your needs and get an accurate estimate from them as a result.
How Much Solar Panel Cost?
Since a solar panel alone does not cover your energy needs and requires other system components to become functional, you need to consider the total costs of a solar power system installation instead.
On an average basis, solar panel system installation for U.S. households ranges from 14,000-20,000. 14 This cost includes federal tax incentives.
After you type in your online search box what watt solar panel do I need for my budget, you need to remember that the cost to install solar panels may vary from area to area.
As a result, you can only get an accurate estimate by reaching out to local providers and getting a personalized quote for your energy needs. This helps you learn how much do solar panels cost in your specific state.
How To Calculate My Carbon Footprint: Solar Panels vs Conventional Power Sources
Solar energy is a renewable energy source that does not emit any carbon or GHGs during the operation of its equipment. This makes it a clean source of energy that is highly effective for sustainability, especially when compared to traditional power sources such as coal.
With that being said, the equipment that is used to create solar panels and PV systems does require a significant amount of energy, which is often derived from non-renewable sources.
Metals and glass are crucial materials for solar panels and PV systems. But they also require a lot of energy to be made, while their production processes significantly contribute to GHG emissions.
This means that the carbon footprint solar panels derive from their manufacturing processes is certainly noticeable.
However, solar panels and PV systems’ ability to produce clean energy does work in their favor. Research estimates that solar power systems cut down enough GHG emissions as compared to conventional energy sources that they become carbon neutral in 1-4 years of their operation. 15
Since PV systems can continue working for up to three decades, the energy they save after the initial few years of their operation marks a significant difference for the planet. This helps you learn how much solar panels cost the environment as compared to conventional energy sources.
Regardless of the footprint of solar energy, everyone has a personal carbon ecological footprint and can measure it using a calculator.
What Watt Solar Panel Do I Need?
Determining what watt solar panels you need completely depends upon your household’s or workplace’s requirements. It is crucial that you take a good look at your total number of light bulbs, appliances, devices, and their power consumption statistics.
After you have these figures, you can calculate an estimate yourself or reach out to a solar power system provider to make these calculations for you.
Due to the efficiency of monocrystalline solar cells, you may want to prefer panels that are made from this technology. You can also look for other evolving technologies that could provide you with a better output.
But you need to be careful in trying out newer innovations that have little to no data to back their claims.
0 Watt Solar Panels vs 200 Watt Solar Panels: Solar Calculator
The easiest way to differ between 100 watt solar panels and 200 watt solar panels is their output.
A 200 watt solar panel can produce double the energy of a 100 watt solar panel. This also gives a 200 watt solar panel the ability to charge bigger batteries.
You can use the following calculator to see what will a 100 watt solar panel run for you as compared to a 200 watt solar panel.
After learning what can I power with a 100 watt solar panel vs a 200 watt solar panel, you can make an informed decision regarding your PV system.
Learning these details gives you an idea of how you can start with your own solar power or PV systems to benefit from renewable energy.
By using the information regarding what will a 100 watt solar panel run and what can you do by increasing your solar panel capacity, you can take the necessary steps that let you do your part in preserving the planet and its resources.
23 Colorado Solar Incentives, Tax Credit, Rebates, Payback Programs
Best Angle for Solar Panels ( Direction): Every State Zip (Azimuth Angle Calc)
Different Types of Solar Panels (Best) and Which to Avoid in 2023
Free Solar Panels From the Government for Homes a Scam? Avoid This Mistake!
How Many Solar Panels Do I Need? Calculator Shows Correct Sizing (Free)
How Many Solar Panels To Power the US Every State? See Full Breakdown
How Much Do Solar Panels Cost In Your State? (Hidden Fees, Tax Credits)
How To Clean Solar Panels, How Often, Maintenance Trick for Max Power
How To Test Solar Panels’ Power Output (Both With and Without a Multimeter)
Investing in Solar Farms vs. Solar Stocks: Guide to Solar Income (Calculator)
Pros and Cons of Solar Energy ( When the Disadvantages Outweigh Benefits)
Solar Farm Income Per Acre Calculator: See Profit Margin, Costs, Money Made
Who Invented Solar Panels, When, and for What? The Surprising History of Solar
Why Is Solar Energy Bad? Solar Panels’ Environmental Impact (Toxic, Dangerous)
1 ENERGY STAR. n.d. Learn About Brightness. Learn About Brightness. ENERGY STAR. March 29, 2023. Web.
2 Prasad, Leela. September 1, 2022. What Can a 100-Watt Solar Panel Do? What Can a 100-Watt Solar Panel Do? – Electronics Hub. March 29, 2023. Web.
3 Federal Trade Commission Consumer Advice. Solar Power for Your Home. Solar Power for Your Home | Consumer Advice. March 29, 2023. Web.
4 Electricrate. What Are The Factors In Choosing the Best Batteries For 200-Watt Solar Panels? How Many Batteries Do I Need for a 200 Watt Solar Panel? March 29, 2023. Web.
5 Renogy. December 1, 2020. WHAT CAN I POWER WITH A 100 WATT SOLAR PANEL?——CALCULATING HOW MANY SOLAR PANELS YOU NEED. What can I power with a 100 watt solar panel?——Calculating how many solar panels you need – Renogy United Kingdom. March 29, 2023. Web.
6 Bruce, Jim. Updated November 13, 2022. How Much Power Does A 100 Watt Solar Panel Produce? How Much Power Does A 100 Watt Solar Panel Produce? March 29, 2023. Web.
7 AM Solar. n.d. System Sizing: By Actual Size. System Size Pt. 1. March 29, 2023. Web.
8 Shop Solar Kits. January 6, 2023. How Many Batteries Do I Need for a 100 Watt Solar Panel. How Many Batteries Do I Need for a 100 Watt Solar Panel – ShopSolarKits.com. March 29, 2023. Web.
9 U.S. Department of Energy. n.d. DOE Explains…Batteries. DOE Explains…Batteries | Department of Energy. March 29, 2023. Web.
10 Joseph Nandirio, Matthew; Sri Madusanka, Dr. Dinu. Updated June 25, 2022. 100-Watt Solar Panel Output On Cloudy Day. 100-Watt Solar Panel Output On Cloudy Day – WalkingSolar. March 29, 2023. Web.
11 UNIVERSITY of NEBRASKA–LINCOLN. Presented December 2022 – January 2023. Solar PV Systems. Solar PV Systems | CropWatch. March 29, 2023. Web.
12 Cruz, Gustav. January 28, 2023. 100 Watt Solar Panel (Everything you need to know). 100 Watt Solar Panel (Everything you need to know) – Climatebiz. March 29, 2023. Web.
13 Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). n.d. Solar FAQs. Solar Calculator FAQs. March 29, 2023. Web.
14 Parkman, Kathryn. Updated March 16, 2023. How much do solar panels cost? How much do solar panels cost? (2023) | ConsumerAffairs. March 29, 2023. Web.
15 U.S. Energy Information Administration. Solar explained. Solar energy and the environment – U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). March 29, 2023. Web.
16 Graham, Melissa. Updated January 26, 2023. Solved! Here’s How Many Solar Panels to Buy to Power a House. Solved! Here’s How Many Solar Panels to Buy to Power a House – Bob Vila. March 29, 2023. Web.
17 Sansano, Taylor. Updated March 9, 2023. How many solar panels do I need for my house? How Many Solar Panels Do I Need for My House (2023) | ConsumerAffairs. March 29, 2023. Web.
18 Electricrate. Updated January 30, 2023. How much Electricity Does a Printer Use? Calculate your Printer’s Energy Usage [Printer Wattage kWh]. March 29, 2023. Web.
19 Solar energy at USACE Melvern Lake Photo by Diana McCoy, USACE HQ / Public Domain Mark 1.0. Cropped and Resized. From Flickr
20 Photo by Victoria_Watercolor. Pixabay. Retrieved from
21 Solar Panel Photo by NRCS Montana / Public Domain Mark 1.0. Resized. From Flickr
22 RV at Rocky Mountain Westy Photo by Shelby L. Bell (vwcampin) / Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0). Resized. From Flickr
23 Photo by Krystieyeo Yeo. Pixabay. Retrieved from